Background: About a year ago, I spent several days with Jim Rich. Jim is the former Adapted Physical Education Consultant for North Carolina and a well-known PE content-area specialist. As we were talking, Jim pointed out that planning is the most important part of working with all students, especially those who have special needs. The more we talked, it became evident to me that planning may be the most overlooked area of teaching. Before I headed back home, Jim shared with me his four C.A.R.E. Questions for physical education teachers. Here they are:
Background: Planning is essential to developing a Quality Physical Education Program. From time-to-time, teachers should ask themselves the four C.A.R.E questions to see if they are headed in the right direction!
Question #1: What should be the focus of my lessons?
- Answer: The state approved physical education CURRICULUM.
Question #2: How do you know if they have learned the curriculum?
- Answer: By the results of their ASSESSMENTS.
Question #3: What do you do if they didn’t learn it?
- Answer: RE-TEACH it!
Question #4: What do you do if they already know it?
- Answer: EXTEND the learning further.
- What is to be Taught? The teacher must utilize the scope and sequence within the identified State PE curriculum.
- How will it be Implemented? The variety of ways the teacher implements the lessons are critical to student learning.
- What is to be Learned? The teacher initially sets expectations for learning by grade levels and with differentiated instruction by individuals.
- How and what to Assessed is determined by what is expected to be learned. There may be multiple choices of modified assessments (rubrics) to assess learning within the same class.
- Questions 3 and 4 get at the idea of Differentiated Instruction. When instruction is differentiated, there are suitable activities planned for students of all ability levels within the class.